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East African leaders hold summit on DR Congo unrest

#East #African #leaders #hold #summit #Congo #unrest

East African leaders issued a fresh call Saturday for armed groups in eastern DR Congo to lay down their arms and withdraw, at a summit called to find ways of calming the raging conflict.

The talks were hosted in Burundi by the seven-nation East Africa Community (EAC), which is leading mediation efforts to end the fighting in the vast central African nation.

A resurgent rebel group known as the M23 has taken swathes of land in the mineral-rich east and is still advancing despite a peace roadmap hammered out in the Angolan capital in July last year and the deployment of an EAC force in November.

The heads of state called for an “immediate ceasefire by all parties” and the withdrawal of all armed groups, including foreign, in a statement issued after the summit said.

Both present in Burundi’s lakeside economic hub of Bujumbura were DRC President Felix Tshisekedi and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda. Kigali has been accused of backing the M23 in a conflict that has exacerbated regional tensions.

In a statement ahead of the summit, the Congolese presidency had called for the EAC force to be made more “offensive” to tackle the rebels.

It protested that despite the terms of the Luanda roadmap the M23 and its allies had not withdrawn but rather “expanded their areas of occupation”.

Kagame was on his first visit to Burundi since 2013, with relations long frayed between the Great Lakes neighbours.

– ‘Brutal atrocities’ –

The EAC meeting took place shortly after a visit by Pope Francis to Kinshasa, where he met victims of the conflict and condemned the “inhumane violence” and “brutal atrocities” taking place.

Militias have plagued the mineral-rich region for decades, many of them a legacy of regional wars that flared during the 1990s and the early 2000s. 

Since November 2021, the M23 has seized chunks of territory in the east and come within miles of its main commercial hub Goma.

The EAC decided to create a military force to pacify eastern Congo in 2022, with the first troops arriving in Goma in November. 

Kenya’s President William Ruto said the security situation remained “fragile and regressing as more and more civilians bear the burden of the conflict”.

He also said there was a need for action to protect Congo’s resources, a key source of its myriad conflicts.

“The moment is long overdue for the international community to most vigilantly audit industrial supply chains and make sure that global production and consumption honour Congolese resource sovereignty and do not profit out of conflict and human suffering,” he said.

– Failed Qatar initiative –

The DRC is awash with minerals and precious stones, but the decades of war and chronic mismanagement mean that little of the vast wealth trickles down to the population of some 100 million people.

Kinshasa’s accusations that Kigali is backing the M23 are supported by UN experts, the United States and other Western countries, but Kigali denies the charge. 

Last week, Qatar had planned to host a meeting between Tshisekedi and Kagame, but diplomats said the Congolese leader refused to attend.

Tensions between the two countries were inflamed last week when Rwandan forces opened fire at a Congolese fighter jet they said had violated Rwandan airspace.

Kinshasa described it as an attack that amounted to “an act of war”.

Saturday’s summit also signalled a possible rapprochement between Burundi and Rwanda, with their two leaders greeting each other warmly in Bujumbura.

The tiny countries have long had tempestuous relations, each accusing the other of interfering in their internal affairs.

In 2020, Kagame urged the then newly elected Ndayishimiye to reset diplomatic ties but his overture was rejected as “hypocritical”.

Burundi has accused Rwanda of harbouring those behind a failed 2015 coup that plunged the country into violent chaos.

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